Know about CTET

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CTET (Central Teaching Eligibility Test) is a national level examination conducted to certify eligibility of candidates to be appointed as teachers at Primary and Upper Primary level. It is conducted twice a year in July and December. CTET 2020 July Exam will be held on July 5, 2020.

The exam is conducted in two papers. Paper 1 is to become primary teacher for classes I to V, while Paper 2 is to become elementary teacher for classes VI to VIII. If a candidate satisfies an eligibility criteria, then there is no restriction to choose any one of the paper, or he/she can appear in both the papers.

Eligibility:

Minimum Qualifications for becoming Teacher for Classes I-V: Primary Stage

Senior Secondary with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known)

Or

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 45% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known), in accordance with the NCTE (Recognition Norms and Procedure), Regulations, 2002.

Or

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.EI.Ed).

Or

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 2- year Diploma in Education (Special Education)*.

Or

“Graduation with at least 50% marks and Bachelor of Education (B.Ed)”

Minimum Qualifications for becoming Teacher for Classes VI-VIII: Elementary Stage

Graduation and passed or appearing in final year of 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known).

Or

Graduation with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed).

Or

Graduation with at least 45% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year Bachelor in Education (B.Ed), in accordance with the NCTE (Recognition Norms and Procedure) Regulations issued from time to time in this regard.

Or

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year Bachelor in Elementary Education (B.EI.Ed).

Or

Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in final year of 4- year B.A/B.Sc.Ed or B.A.Ed/B.Sc.Ed.

Or

Graduation with at least 50% marks and passed or appearing in 1-year B.Ed. (Special Education)*

Or

Any candidate having qualified B.Ed. Programme recognized by the NCTE is eligible to appear in TET/CTET. Moreover, as per the existing TET guidelines circulated vide NCTE letter dated 11-02-2011, a person who is pursuing any of the teacher education courses (recognized by the NCTE or the RCI, as the case may be) specified in the NCTE Notification dated 23rd August 2010 is also qualified to appear in the TET/CTET.

Schedule of examination:

Paper I will held in the morning shift and Paper II will held in evening shift.

The duration of each shift is 2 hours 30 minutes.

Paper

Duration

Paper - I

2.30 Hours

Paper - II

2.30 Hours

 

Pattern and structure of exam:

Frequency

Twice in a year

Type

MCQ

Mode

OMR based (pen and paper)

Duration for each paper

2 hours and 30 minutes

Total number of questions

150 questions in each paper

Maximum marks in each paper

150 marks

Marks for every correct answer

1 mark

Negative marking

No negative marking

Language of the paper

Bilingual (Hindi/English)

Number of attempts

No restrictions on attempts

Validity of score card

7 years

 

Structure of paper I

Section

Number of Questions

Total Marks

Child Development, Learning and Pedagogy (compulsory)

30 Questions

30 Marks

Language – I (compulsory)

30 Questions

30 Marks

Language – II (compulsory)

30 Questions

30 Marks

Mathematics

30 Questions

30 Marks

Environmental Studies

30 Questions

30 Marks

 

 

 

Nature & Standard of Questions in CTET Paper-I

Questions in paper-I are based on topics prescribed in NCERT syllabus for classes I-V. However, the difficulty level of questions could be up to secondary level.

  • Questions in Child Development and Pedagogy subject of paper-I focus on educational psychology of teaching and learning relevant to the age group of 6-11 years
  • Questions in Language-I focus on the proficiencies related to the medium of instruction 
  • Questions in Language-II focus on the elements of language, communication and comprehension abilities. It may be noted that language-II should be different than language-I. Candidates need to choose any one language as language-I and other as language-II from the options available in the table below:

 

Language

Code No.

Language

Code No.

Language

Code No.

Language

Code No.

English

01

Gujarati

06

Marathi

11

Sanskrit

16

Hindi

02

Kannada

07

Mizo

12

Tamil

17

Assamese

03

Khasi

08

Nepali

13

Telugu

18

Bengali

04

Malayalam

09

Oriya

14

Tibetan

19

Garo

05

Manipuri

10

Punjabi

15

Urdu

20

 

  • Questions in Mathematics and Environmental Studies focus on the concepts, problem solving abilities and pedagogical understanding and applications of the subjects

 

Structure of paper II

Section

Number of Questions

Total Marks

Child Development, Learning and Pedagogy (compulsory)

30 Questions

30 Marks

Language – I (compulsory)

30 Questions

30 Marks

Language – II (compulsory)

30 Questions

30 Marks

Mathematics and Science (for Mathematics and Science teacher)

OR

Social Studies/Social Science (for Social Studies/Social Science teacher)

OR

Mathematics, Science and Social Studies/Social Science (for teacher of any other subject)

60 Questions

60 Marks

Nature & Standard of Questions in CTET Paper-II

Questions in paper-II are based on topics prescribed in NCERT syllabus for classes VI-VIII. However, the difficulty level of questions could be up to senior secondary level.

  • Questions in Child Development and Pedagogy subject of paper-II focus on educational psychology of teaching and learning relevant to the age group of 11-14 years
  • Questions in Language-I focus on the proficiencies related to the medium of instruction 
  • Questions in Language-II focus on the elements of language, communication and comprehension abilities. It may be noted that language-II should be different than language-I. Candidates need to choose any one language as language-I and other as language-II from the options available in the table below:

 

Language

Code No.

Language

Code No.

Language

Code No.

Language

Code No.

English

01

Gujarati

06

Marathi

11

Sanskrit

16

Hindi

02

Kannada

07

Mizo

12

Tamil

17

Assamese

03

Khasi

08

Nepali

13

Telugu

18

Bengali

04

Malayalam

09

Oriya

14

Tibetan

19

Garo

05

Manipuri

10

Punjabi

15

Urdu

20

 

  • Questions in Mathematics and Science, and Social Studies/ Social Science focus on the concepts, problem solving abilities and pedagogical understanding and applications of the subjects. Questions of Maths and Science are of 30 marks each

 

Syllabus:

 

Paper I (for classes 1 to V) Primary Stage

Child Development & Pedagogy                        (30 questions)

 

a) Child Development (Primary School Child)                           (15 questions)

  1. Concept of Development and its Relationship with Learning
  2. Principles of the Development of Children
  3. Influence of Heredity & Environment
  4. Socialization Processes: Social World & Children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
  5. Piaget, Kohlberg, and Vygotsky: Constructs and Critical Perspectives
  6. Concepts of Child-Centered and Progressive Education
  7. Critical Perspective of the Construct of Intelligence
  8. Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
  9. Language & Thought
  10. Gender as a Social Construct: Gender Roles, Gender-Bias, and Educational Practice
  11. Individual Differences Among Learners, Understanding Differences Based on Diversity of Language, Caste, Gender, Community, Religion
  12. Distinction between Assessment for Learning and Assessment of Learning: School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Perspective and Practice
  13. Formulating Appropriate Questions for Assessing Readiness Levels of Learners; for Enhancing Learning and Critical Thinking in the Classroom and for Assessing Learner Achievement

b) Concept of Inclusive Education and Understanding Children with Special Needs                                                                                    (5 Questions)

  1. Addressing Learners from Diverse Backgrounds Including Disadvantaged and Deprived
  2. Addressing the Needs of Children with Learning Difficulties, Impairment, etc.
  3. Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially Abled Learners

c) Learning and Pedagogy                                                    (5 Questions)

  1. How Children Think and Learn; How and Why Children ‘Fail’ to Achieve Success in School Performance
  2. Basic Processes of Teaching and Learning; Children’s Strategies of Learning; Learning as a Social Activity; Social Context of Learning
  3. Child as a Problem Solver and a ‘Scientific Investigator’
  4. Alternative Conceptions of Learning in Children, Understanding Children’s Errors’ as Significant Steps in the Learning Process
  5. Cognition & Emotions
  6. Motivation and Learning
  7. Factors Contributing to Learning-Personal & Environmental

Language I                                               (30 questions)

a) Language Comprehension                                                        (15 questions)

Reading Unseen Passages – Two passages one prose or drama and one poem consisting of questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

b) Pedagogy of Language Development                                        (15 questions)

  1. Learning and Acquisition
  2. Principles of Language Teaching
  3. Role of Listening and Speaking; Function of Language and How Children Use it as a Tool
  4. Critical Perspective on the Role of Grammar in Learning a Language for Communicating Ideas Verbally and in Written Form
  5. Challenges of Teaching Language in a Diverse Classroom; Language Difficulties, Errors and Disorders.
  6. Language Skills
  7. Evaluating Language Comprehension and Proficiency; Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing
  8. Teaching-Learning Materials: Textbook, Multi-Media Materials, Multilingual Resource of the Classroom
  9. Remedial Teaching

Language II                                                       (30 questions)

a) Comprehension                                                                       (15 questions)

Two Unseen Prose Passage (Discursive or Literary or Narrative or Scientific) with Questions on Comprehension, Grammar, and Verbal Ability

b) Pedagogy of Language Development                                        (15 questions)

  1. Learning and Acquisition
  2. Principles of Language Teaching
  3. Role of Listening and Speaking; Function of Language and How Children use it as a Tool.
  4. Critical Perspective on the Role of Grammar in Learning a Language for Communicating Ideas Verbally and in Written Form
  5. Challenges of Teaching Language in a Diverse Classroom; Language Difficulties, Errors and Disorders
  6. Language Skills
  7. Evaluating Language Comprehension and Proficiency: Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing
  8. Teaching-Learning Materials: Textbook, Multi-Media, Materials, Multilingual Resource of the Classroom
  9. Remedial Teaching

Mathematics                                                      (30 questions)

a) Content                                                                                   (15 questions)

  1. Geometry
  2. Shapes & Spatial Understanding
  3. Solids Around Us
  4. Numbers
  5. Addition and Subtraction
  6. Multiplication
  7. Division
  8. Measurement
  9. Weight
  10. Time
  11. Volume
  12. Data Handling
  13. Patterns
  14. Money

b) Pedagogical Issues                                                                   (15 questions)

  1. Nature of Mathematics/Logical Thinking; Understanding Children’s Thinking and Reasoning Patterns and Strategies of Making Meaning and Learning
  2. Place of Mathematics in the Curriculum
  3. Language of Mathematics
  4. Community Mathematics
  5. Evaluation through Formal and Informal Methods
  6. Problems of Teaching
  7. Error Analysis and Related Aspects of Learning and Teaching
  8. Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching

Environmental Studies                                      (30 questions)

a) Content                                                                                   (15 questions)

  1. Family and Friends: Relationships, Work and Play, Animals, Plants
  2. Food
  3. Shelter
  4. Water
  5. Travel
  6. Things We Make and Do

b) Pedagogical Issues                                                                   (15 questions)

  1. Concept and Scope of EVS
  2. Significance of EVS, Integrated EVS
  3. Environmental Studies & Environmental Education
  4. Learning Principles
  5. Scope & Relation to Science & Social Science
  6. Approaches of Presenting Concepts
  7. Activities
  8. Experimentation/Practical Work
  9. Discussion
  10. CCE
  11. Teaching Material/Aids
  12. Problems

 

 Paper II (for classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage

Child Development & Pedagogy                        (30 questions)

 

a) Child Development (Primary School Child)                      (15 questions)

  1. Concept of Development and its Relationship with Learning
  2. Principles of the Development of Children
  3. Influence of Heredity & Environment
  4. Socialization Processes: Social World & Children (Teacher, Parents, Peers)
  5. Piaget, Kohlberg, and Vygotsky: Constructs and Critical Perspectives
  6. Concepts of Child-Centered and Progressive Education
  7. Critical Perspective of the Construct of Intelligence
  8. Multi-Dimensional Intelligence
  9. Language & Thought
  10. Gender as a Social Construct: Gender Roles, Gender-Bias, and Educational Practice
  11. Individual Differences Among Learners, Understanding Differences Based on Diversity of Language, Caste, Gender, Community, Religion
  12. Distinction between Assessment for Learning and Assessment of Learning: School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: Perspective and Practice
  13. Formulating Appropriate Questions for Assessing Readiness Levels of Learners; for Enhancing Learning and Critical Thinking in the Classroom and for Assessing Learner Achievement

b) Concept of Inclusive Education and Understanding Children with Special Needs                                                                                     (5 questions)

  1. Addressing Learners from Diverse Backgrounds Including Disadvantaged and Deprived
  2. Addressing the Needs of Children with Learning Difficulties, Impairment, etc.
  3. Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially Abled Learners

c) Learning and Pedagogy                                                    (10 questions)

  1. How Children Think and Learn; How and Why Children ‘Fail’ to Achieve Success in School Performance
  2. Basic Processes of Teaching and Learning; Children’s Strategies of Learning; Learning as a Social Activity; Social Context of Learning
  3. Child as a Problem Solver and a ‘Scientific Investigator’
  4. Alternative Conceptions of Learning in Children, Understanding Children’s Errors’ as Significant Steps in the Learning Process
  5. Cognition & Emotions
  6. Motivation and Learning
  7. Factors Contributing to Learning-Personal & Environmental

Language I                                                      (30 questions)

a) Language Comprehension                                                 (15 questions)

Reading Unseen Passages – Two passages one prose or drama and one poem consisting of questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive)

b) Pedagogy of Language Development                                  (15 questions)

  1. Learning and Acquisition
  2. Principles of Language Teaching
  3. Role of Listening and Speaking; Function of Language and How Children Use it as a Tool
  4. Critical Perspective on the Role of Grammar in Learning a Language for Communicating Ideas Verbally and in Written Form
  5. Challenges of Teaching Language in a Diverse Classroom; Language Difficulties, Errors and Disorders.
  6. Language Skills
  7. Evaluating Language Comprehension and Proficiency; Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing
  8. Teaching-Learning Materials: Textbook, Multi-Media Materials, Multilingual Resource of the Classroom
  9. Remedial Teaching

Language II                                                       (30 questions)

a) Comprehension                                                                       (15 questions)

Two Unseen Prose Passage (Discursive or Literary or Narrative or Scientific) with Questions on Comprehension, Grammar, and Verbal Ability

b) Pedagogy of Language Development                                        (15 questions)

  1. Learning and Acquisition
  2. Principles of Language Teaching
  3. Role of Listening and Speaking; Function of Language and How Children use it as a Tool.
  4. Critical Perspective on the Role of Grammar in Learning a Language for Communicating Ideas Verbally and in Written Form
  5. Challenges of Teaching Language in a Diverse Classroom; Language Difficulties, Errors and Disorders
  6. Language Skills
  7. Evaluating Language Comprehension and Proficiency: Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing
  8. Teaching-Learning Materials: Textbook, Multi-Media, Materials, Multilingual Resource of the Classroom
  9. Remedial Teaching

Mathematics and science                                   (60 questions)

Mathematics                                                                (30 questions)

a) Content                                                                               ( 20 questions)

Number System

  1. Knowing our Numbers
  2. Playing with Numbers
  3. Whole Numbers
  4. Negative Numbers and Integers
  5. Fractions

Algebra

  1. Introduction to Algebra
  2. Ratio and Proportion

Geometry

  1. Basic Geometrical Idea (2-D)
  2. Understanding Elementary Shapes (2D and 3D)
  3. Symmetry (Reflection)
  4. Construction (Using Straight Edge Scale, Protractor, Compasses)
  5. Mensuration
  6. Data Handling

b) Pedagogical Issues                                                                 (10 questions)

  1. Nature of Mathematics/Logical Thinking
  2. Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  3. Language of Mathematics
  4. Community Mathematics
  5. Evaluation
  6. Remedial Teaching
  7. Problem of Teaching

Science                                                              (30 questions)

Content                                                                                       (20 questions)

Food

  1. Sources of Food
  2. Components of Food
  3. Cleaning Food

Materials

  1. Materials of Daily Use

The World of the Living

Moving Things, People, and Ideas

How Things Work

  1. Electric Current and Circuits
  2. Magnets

Natural Phenomena

Natural Resources

b) Pedagogical Issues                                                                  (10 questions)

  1. Nature & Structure of Sciences
  2. Natural Science/Aims & Objectives
  3. Understanding & Appreciating Science
  4. Approaches/Integrated Approach
  5. Observation/Experimental/Discovery (Method of Science)
  6. Innovation
  7. Text Material/Aids
  8. Evaluation – Cognitive/Psychomotor/Effective
  9. Problems
  10. Remedial Teaching

Social Science/Studies                                       (60 questions)

a) Content                                                                                   (40 questions)

History

  1. When, Where and How
  2. The Earliest Societies
  3. The First Farmers and Herders
  4. The First Cities
  5. Early States
  6. New Ideas
  7. The First Empire
  8. Contacts with Distant Lands
  9. Political Developments
  10. Culture and Science
  11. New Kings and Kingdoms
  12. Sultans of Delhi
  13. Architecture
  14. Creation of an Empire
  15. Social Change
  16. Regional Cultures
  17. The Establishment of Company Power
  18. Rural Life and Society
  19. Colonialism and Tribal Societies
  20. The Revolt of 1857-58
  21. Women and Reform
  22. Challenging the Caste System
  23. The Nationalist Movement
  24. India after Independence

Geography

  1. Geography as a Social Study and as a Science
  2. Plant: Earth in the Solar System
  3. Globe
  4. Environment in its Totality: Natural and Human Environment
  5. Air
  6. Water
  7. Human Environment: Settlement, Transport, and Communication
  8. Resources: Types – Natural and Human
  9. Agriculture

Social and Political Life

  1. Diversity
  2. Government
  3. Local Government
  4. Making a Living
  5. Democracy
  6. State Government
  7. Understanding Media
  8. Unpacking Gender
  9. The Constitution
  10. Parliamentary Government
  11. The Judiciary
  12. Social Justice and the Marginalised

b) Pedagogical Issues                                                                   (20 questions)

  1. Concept & Nature of Social Science/Social Studies
  2. Class Room Processes, Activities, and Discourse
  3. Developing Critical Thinking
  4. Enquiry/Empirical Evidence

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